热门话题汉译英52:排行榜

英美报刊杂志2021-01-10 07:12:31

排行榜

●汉语关键词

排行榜、畅销书排行榜、流行歌曲排行榜、流行音乐排行榜、运动成绩排行榜、奖牌排行榜、名列榜首、名列首位、名列第一

●英语关键词

best-seller list, list of best-sellers, listof best-selling books, charts, pop charts, music charts, hit parade, rankings,medal rankings, medal standings, medal tally, medal table, be Number One on thelist, be top on the list, be top of the list, be on top of the list, top thelist, come first, rank first, be ranked first, place first

●句 子

这本书在畅销书排行榜上名列首位。

●误 译

This book ranks first on the ranking listof best-sellers.

●正 译

This book ranks first on the list ofbest-sellers.

●解 释

list of best-sellers自身已有序列的含义。ranking作为形容词,意思是“高级别的”,用在这里是累赘,又与ranks first重复,应该删去。

 

“排行榜”是“公布出来的按某种统计结果排列顺序的名单”。排行榜涉及影视、音乐、娱乐、财经、房产、汽车、数码、教育、体育等多个领域。英语的各种排行榜都有固定译法。“排行榜”是“排序名单”,可以译为list。“畅销书排行榜”可以译为best-sellerlist, list of best-sellers, list of best-selling books。例如:

1.这家书店定期公布畅销书排行榜。

The bookstore publishes a list ofbest-sellers regularly.

2.《纽约时报》畅销书排行榜被广泛认为是美国最出色的畅销书排行榜之一。

The New York Times Best Seller List iswidely considered to be one of the preeminent lists of best-selling books inthe United States.

3.这里是本周10大畅销书排行榜。

Here is a Top 10 list of best-selling booksfor this week.

4.这篇文章展示了英国文学15大畅销书排行榜。

This article presents a top fifteen list ofbest-selling books on English literature.

5.畅销书排行榜是在一周时段内某些集团书店对特定书籍相关销售量的排序。

A best-seller list is a ranking of therelative sales of particular kinds of books at certain groups of stores withina one-week period.

 

“名列榜首”可以译为to beNumber One on the list, to be top on the list, to be top of the list, to be ontop of the list, to top the list。例如:

6.《圣经》名列榜首不足为奇。

1) It is not surprising that the Bible isNumber One on the list.

2) It is not surprising that the Bible is topon the list.

3) It is not surprising that the Bible istop of the list.

4) It is not surprising that the Bible ison top of the list.

5) It is not surprising that the Bible topsthe list.

 

“名列首位”或“名列第一”,可以用to come first, to rank first, to be ranked first, to place first表示。例如:

7.这本书在本年度最佳儿童书籍排行榜名列首位。

1) This book comes first on the list of thebest children's books of the year.

2) This book ranks first on the list of thebest children's books of the year.

3) This book is ranked first on the list ofthe best children's books of the year.

4) This book places first on the list ofthe best children's books of the year.

 

“排行榜”按照销售量多少排序。英语charts的意思是“销售图表”,常常用来表示a listproduced each week of the pop music records or albums that have sold the mostcopies,即“每周流行音乐唱片或专辑排行榜”。pop charts是“流行歌曲排行榜”。music charts是“流行音乐排行榜”。例如:

8.这首歌曲在排行榜名列榜首。

This song is on top of the charts.

9.广播电台通常播放在排行榜名列榜首的歌曲。

Radio stations usually play songs that aretop of the charts.

10.这位歌手的最新专辑在流行音乐排行榜上节节攀升。

The singer's latest album is inching itsway up the music charts.

11.该乐队的首张专辑名列13个国家的流行音乐排行榜之首。

The band's first album topped the musiccharts in 13 countries.

12.他的名列排行榜榜首的流行歌曲在青少年中间很受青睐。

His chart-topping pop song is popular amongthe youngsters.

13.她的歌曲正在10大金曲排行榜上攀升。

Her song is climbing up the Top 10 charts.

 

hit parade也有“每周流行音乐唱片排行榜”的意思。例如:

14.去年,那首歌曲在每周流行音乐唱片排行榜上出现了三次。

That song appeared on the hit parade threetimes last year.

 

“运动成绩排行榜”可以用rankings表示。“奖牌排行榜”可以译为medalrankings。例如:

15.这个年青运动员的名字第一次出现在运动成绩排行榜上。

The young athlete's name appeared on therankings for the first time.

16.在奖牌排行榜上,中国羽毛球队以四块金牌、三块银牌和两块铜牌名列榜首。

On the medal rankings, the ChineseBadminton Team came first with four gold medals, three silvers and two bronzes.

17.中国跳水队保持了在奖牌排行榜中的领先地位。

The Chinese Diving Team has maintainedtheir leading position in the medal rankings.

 

“奖牌排行榜”还可以用medalstandings, medal tally, medal table表示。例如:

18.我们队在奖牌排行榜上名列第三将没有困难。

Our team will have no difficulty inachieving third place in the medal standings.

19.两天比赛以后,海湾国家卡塔尔以两金、一银和两铜在奖牌排行榜上名列第二。

After two days' competition, Gulf stateQatar ranked second on the medal standings with two golds, one silver and twobronzes.

20.在2004年雅典奥运会上,中国队以32块金牌在奖牌排行榜上仅次于美国队名列第二。

At the 2004 Athens Games, China finishedsecond to the United States on the medal tally with 32 golds.

21.在1996年亚特兰大奥运会上,中国队以50块奖牌(其中16块金牌)在奖牌排行榜上名列第四。

At the 1996 Atlanta Games, China was fourthon the medal table with 50 medals, 16 of them gold.


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